GendeRace - Policy brief 3
Policy brief 3
Tuesday, 01 September 2009

The use of racial anti-discrimination laws N° 3

Gender and citizenship in a multicultural context - September 2009

Studying racial discrimination complaints:
A gender perspective


WP4 has been designed to analyse data sources on racial discrimination complaints and case law studies within a gender perspective. This data has been collected from equality bodies, local antidiscrimination offices and NGOs in the six countries participating in the research.


Our objectives for this workpackage have been firstly, to achieve a better understanding of the impact of gender on the experience of racial discrimination and also on the use of the legal administrative instruments. Our second goal has been to obtain a better understanding of how gender influences the way in which complaints are processed and the extent to which gender may be significant within methods adopted in settling disputes. 


Document PDF 6 pages 295 Ko


The first section of the WP4 report focuses on the construction of the sample and issues of conducting international research. Here, the availability and coverage of comparable statistical data has been a key factor as the project has recognised the substantial differences in collection methods between national contexts. These variations exist not only in terms of motivations for data collection or in criteria and categories used, but also in the particular methods of collection themselves. Privacy protection laws have meant that access to the data has been restricted in all countries with the exception of Sweden where transfer of data was well facilitated for the researchers.


The sample comprises 864 cases with a greater incidence of those concerning women (429 compared to 392 men). It clearly reveals that those who use legal resources to address discrimination primarily consist of individuals of foreign origin who have a high level of education and who hold steady employment. 


Document PDF 6 pages 295 Ko