GendeRace - Policy brief 4
Policy brief 4
Monday, 01 March 2010

The use of racial anti-discrimination laws N° 4

Gender and citizenship in a multicultural context - March 2010

Multiple Discrimination:
Gathering expert views


Workpackage 7 of the Genderace project provides an overview of the impact of anti-discrimination laws through interviewing experts and stakeholders. The work has been designed to improve the knowledge of the combined effects of racism and gender discrimination and to evaluate the treatment of complaints through an intersectional approach. WP7 is also targeted at the assessment of the effectiveness of existing policies and the provision of the most innovative whilst practical recommendations for best practices in the field. 


Document PDF 4 pages 224 Ko



Following the identification of interviewees and the development of a flexible research instrument allowing partners to conduct interviews with a range of experts, the national teams carried out interviews across the six countries. The interviews (7-10 in each partner country) incorporated a range of legal academic and practitioner expertise as well as that of both official and non-governmental bodies and with stakeholders from feminist and anti-racism NGOs. WP7 fieldwork has been conducted through open-ended, semi-structured interviews designed around the project guiding themes. The selection of informants has been crucial for later work as interviewees have been targeted as a key source in making contact with and providing access to claimants/complainants (WP8). Experts’ opinions have also played an important part of the development of questions and guiding themes for these interviews.


Initial findings

Based on our analysis thus far, some initial findings reveal:

  • We have found a clear impact of gender on all forms of discrimination
  • We have found a clear impact of ethnic origin on all forms of discrimination
  • Although often overlooked, we have found a clear impact of socioeconomic status / class on discrimination
  • Institutional discrimination is a key issue (France, Sweden)
  • Trade Unions play an important role but are often perceived to support men more than women (Sweden), where women benefit more from use of social services and private support from NGOs and schools
  • Differences in use of resources exist according to ethnic background and to gender

Document PDF 4 pages 224 Ko